Do not remove the hemostatic tampon soon after tooth extraction
Tooth extraction may sound scary for many people. Even people who do not require tooth extraction delay dental treatments due to this fear and therefore, simple tooth caries may result in loss of tooth. Tooth extraction is an option for teeth that do not response to preventive therapies and cannot be survived through fillers or root canal therapy due to caries and infection. There are several issues that require attention, if it is necessary to extract tooth due to failure of other options. Patients should be very attentive to treatment before and after tooth extraction.
Before tooth extraction
* Your dentist should know if you have a chronic disease, such as heart disease, diabetes mellitus and hypertension, even if you are not asked to specify. You should also notify your dentist, if you use any medicine(s). Moreover, the dentist should be informed before the tooth extraction, if you are pregnant or plan a pregnancy.
* Brush your teeth and wash your mouth with an antiseptic oral rinse before the tooth extraction. This approach will help prevention of potential inflammation after the tooth extraction.
After tooth extraction
* Do not rinse your mouth at least for half an hour. Rinsing the mouth hinders formation of blood clots that help the convalescence after the extraction and delays the wound healing.
* Bite the hemostatic tampon, which was placed by your dentist after your tooth was extracted, firmly and swallow as usual. Accumulation of saliva in mouth cavity and spitting continuously will hinder formation of blood clot and cause persistence of bleeding.
* Blood oozing may last 6 hours to 24 hours after the procedure. Blood may change color of your saliva. Therefore, do not panic due to a concern of heavy bleeding. You may consult your dentist for this issue.
* You may feel pain after the procedure. You can take pain killers other than aspirin, after you consult your physician. You may feel maximal pain while the numbness wears off; do not worry.
* Since teeth attach to the jaw bone, the bone exposes after the extraction. Therefore, you may believe that a part of the extracted tooth was left behind. Do not touch your tongue or any other object to the resultant cavity. Your gum will cover the exposed bone in several days.
* Avoid too hot and spicy foods, as they may irritate the extraction site.
* Do not smoke and consume alcohol for 24 hours after your tooth is extracted.
* Do not drive immediately after the extraction, unless it is so necessary.
* Place a high pillow under your head and rest for a while, if possible, after the tooth extraction. Avoid hot bath.
* Do not eat until the numbness in your mouth cavity disappears; you may accidentally bite and injure the numbed areas.
* Continue your ordinary mouth care 24 hours after the tooth extraction.
* You should contact your dentist in case of facial swelling and pain, bleeding persisting beyond 24 hours and bad taste and malodor in your mouth.
* If a surgical procedure is carried out or a suture is placed after the tooth extraction, do not skip the follow-up appointment.